Radiation therapy or radiotherapy is therapy using ionizing radiation most commonly applied to cancerous tumors to control or kill malignant cells. Radiation therapy used in mesothelioma patients is designed to slow down the spread of the cancerous cells or unaffected areas that may become infected. Most radiation measures are not curative, but depending on the stage of the mesothelioma, can reduce the spread of the cancer and prolong life.
Radiation therapy is not recommended for Peritoneal or Pericardial Mesothelioma patients because of the adverse side effect. Radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy has been used before, during, and after surgery to prevent the spread of cancerous cells and where cells have been extricated, prevent their return. According to Cancer Treatment Centers of America there are three principle radiation therapies currently being used to treat mesothelioma patients.